Children with posture and movement difficulties, including those with joint hypermobility (low muscle tone), developmental coordination disorder (DCD) / dyspraxia, autism, ADD/HD and Down syndrome often have difficulties with several aspects of posture and movement control needed for drawing and handwriting.
Pencil grip and finger movements
An effective pencil grip allows the child to hold the pencil in such a way that small movements of the fingers and wrist can be used to move the pencil point in all directions on the paper.
Typically a dynamic tripod grip is considered to be the ideal. However, many children with hypermobile finger joints adapt their grip to sui their hands, They adduct the thumb in what is known as a thumb wrap grip. This grip still allows the child to use small finger movements to move the pencil tip. Read more
Shoulder control for drawing and handwriting
A combination of shoulder and elbow movements are used to position and move the hand on the paper for writing, as well as for drawing medium and long lines and curves.
Poor control of these shoulder movements affects drawing and handwriting. Read more
Sitting posture for working at a table
Many children have difficulties with sitting erect and working at a table. This may be due to poor flexibility in the back and hips, muscle weakness or poorly developed sitting stability. A s a result the child may wriggle, get tired very quickly and appear to have poor attention. Read more